Insurrection 1946: Meanings of Failed Action

From 17-25 March 2017, I worked as curator and archivist in this public exhibition and installation at the Coomaraswamy Hall, Chhatrapati Shivaji Vastu Sangrahalaya (Prince of Wales Museum of Western India), Mumbai with artist Vivan Sundaram, archivist Dr Valentina Vitali and media artist Dr David Chapman from the University of East London and scholar and lead curator Ashish Rajadhyaksha.

Meanings of Failed Action: Insurrection 1946 is a collaborative art project that revisits an episode of India’s struggle for self-rule: the 1946 insurrection of Royal Indian Navy (R.I.N.) sailors. On 18 February 1946, a strike was declared on H.M.I.S. Talwar, the signal training establishment of the R.I.N. at Colaba, Bombay. Within a day, a total of 10,000 naval ratings posted across the Indian Ocean took charge of sixty six ships and on-shore naval establishments. On the fourth day of the strike, Bombay’s industrial labour force joined the struggle in a show of solidarity, and the city closed down. Ranged against the strikers was the might of the British armed forces, threatening to destroy the Navy.

The Indian national leadership, then at the threshold of Independence, refused to support the uprising. The curfew that followed ended with over two hundred people killed on the streets and the surrender of the sailors on the dawn of February 23. Widely considered a ‘failure’ in its time and since then conveniently erased from Indian nationalist history, seventy years on the February 1946 uprising refuses to be assimilated into any single narrative. Based on archival material sourced in India and the U.K., Meanings of Failed Action: Insurrection 1946 revisits these five days as a memory that flashes up at a moment of danger, an episode that challenges India’s present trajectory.

Jnanapravaha Mumbai Invitation, 19 March 2017

On 19 March 2017, we held a panel discussion on Unresolved Histories with Srinath Raghavan from the Centre for Policy Research (CPR), Rohit Goel from Jnanapravaha Mumbai, and exhibition curator Ashish Rajadhyaksha.

Unresolved Histories, 19 March 2017
With Srinath Raghavan, Rohit Goel and Ashish Rajadhyaksha, Mumbai, 19 March 2017

On 24 March 2017, I chaired our public conversation on the Contribution of the Royal Indian Navy (RIN) and Cultural Environment during and after World War II with Commodore Oddakal Johnson of the Maritime History Society, Mumbai.

Commodore Johnson Odakkal, 24 March 2017
Commodore Johnson Odakkal, with Vivan Sundaram, Ashish Rajadhyaksha and Shekhar Krishnan, Mumbai, 24 March 2017

The files, pamphlets, letters and other materials on the R.I.N. insurrection of 1946 in Mumbai which I curated with the exhibition team were from the private collection of my grandfather T.R. Srinivasan and of N. Sanjiva Rao, I.P.S. (Indian Police Service).

With Ashish Rajadhyaksha, Valentina Vitali and David Chapman, Coomaraswamy Hall, Prince of Wales Museum, 17 March 2017


Insurrection 1946

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *